Mohair

Description : Mohair is made from the hair of angora goats. It is perhaps the best known of the animal hairs used in garments. Mohair has a lustrous and fluffy appearance. It feels silky and soft. It doesn't shrink nor does it soil as readily as wool, and it resists abrasion. It can be woven or knitted.
Fabrication :
Subtypes :
Dyes, color treatment and washing characteristics : Fabric should be dry cleaned in preparation for sewing.
Draping properties :
Cutting properties : Mohair is relatively difficult to press and it is easily damaged by improper pressing technique. Test pressing is a good idea. Steaming may cause shrinkage. Both the ironing board and the fabric should be covered with wool before pressing. Mark the right side with safety pins, especially if the fabric looks nearly the same on both sides. Additional marking can use scissor clips or tailor's tacks. Use flower pins (or pins with big heads) to hold the fabric in place. Refold the fabric to avoid the original crease. Fabric may be spread in a double layer if it is not too thick.
Sewing challenges : Mohair's irregular surface hides stitching difficulties. Polyester thread will provide more stretch. However, you will need to avoid stretching the seams while sewing - sandwich the fabric layers between two layers of stabilizer for shoulder and neck seams and front edges. Stitch in the direction of the nap, not the grain. Understitch by hand for an inconspicuous finish. Use lightweight fusible interfacing between the layers to stabilize them when doing buttonholes. You may need to use a water soluble stabilizer on top to prevent the stitches from embedding themselves within the fabric. This can be removed later by steam pressing. Use lightweight zippers and stabilize the opening. You will need to underline skirts, pants and dresses for these garments to hold their shape - lightweight silk will make the best underlining, but the layers should be quilted to prevent the mohair from sagging. For a softer garment, cut the underlining on the bias. For coats, jackets and capes, interface using knit or weft fusibles or hair canvas. Seams should be pressed open, topstitched or taped. Serging or zigzag stitching seam edges is recommended.
Example creations :
Uses worldwide : Generally used for suitings and novelty fabrics, in coats, jackets, dresses, skirts, pants, tops, sweaters, capes, wraps, dressing gowns, baby blankets and lap robes.
Origins and history :
Wikipedia reference

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