Index of fabrics (English)

Fibres are the raw elements that are used to make fabrics. They are characterized by their feel, weight, care and durability. Different types of fibres are used in today's fabrics.
  • Natural fibres - With the exception of silk, natural fibres are relatively short in length, and they all have great absorbency, and versatile textures, hold dyes well and are often more comfortable that artificial fibres. Furthermore, their structure is unchanged by processing, unless some form of genetic manipulation is involved. These characteristics make them competitive with artificial fabrics that have been constructed with specific properties in mind. There are different sources of natural fibres :
  • Chemically-based or chemically-processed fibres - These are made either using chemical solvents or directly from chemicals. The fibres may be formed into different shapes, lengths, weights and thicknesses, hence changing the structure and feel. Whether one is dealing with regenerated cellulose fibres or fully synthetic fibres, when these are produced much more finely, they are called microfibres. Such microfibres have additional advantages over regular fibres.
  • Blends - Blends are made by combining natural and artificial fibres in different ways. Blends allow one to incorporate different properties from different fibres. The number of blends being used in the fabric industry is growing and new blends are being developed all the time.
    • Blended yarns - fibres may be combined together to make blended yarns, used to make fabrics in different styles
    • Blended fabrics - different yarns may also be blended together to form mixed yarn fabrics, of which there are many examples
    • Blended garments - finished garments may also be made by incorporating fabric of different types
In addition, some fabrics are made without using fibres. These includes, for example, leather products and nonwoven plastics such as vinyl or pleather.

Fibres may be combined to form fabric in different ways :
Another useful way to categorize fabrics is into families that include common characteristics. Many fabric families exist, and some fabrics may belong to several different fabric families :
A special class of fabrics concerns those used as interfacing or stabilizers. A range of fabrics may also be used for linings and underlinings.

In addition to being dyed, many fabrics can be printed with a range of possible print patterns.

Interest has also been growing over recent years for so-called "green" or "eco-friendly" fabrics.

A sense of the range and diversity of available fabrics can best be obtained from a complete list.

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