Description : A soft woven fabric, made from a loosely spun yarn, also called flannelette. Flannel was traditionally made of carded wool or worsted yarn, but is today often made from cotton, wool or synthetic fibres. It comes in many colors, both solid and patterned.
Fabrication : The fabric is napped, meaning that it has a soft surface that is intentionally created, often by looping the yarn. Flannel can be made in either plain or twill weave - the weave is often hidden by the napping process. Flannel is usually napped twice, with a stage for bleaching or dying between.
Subtypes : Flannel can have a long or short nap, or can be napped on only one or on both sides.
Dyes, color treatment and washing characteristics :
Draping properties :
Cutting properties :
Sewing challenges :
Example creations : Celestina dress, Cashmere flannel men's coat, Recycled vest, Kimono-style pyjamas, Slipper lining, Bathrobe, Plaid shirt, Tank top, Grey pants, Bibs,
Uses worldwide :
Origins and history : Developed in the 1880s, flannel was used extensively by the poorer classes for underwear, nightwear, dresses, dressing gowns and shirts in the early part of the 20th century. The term comes from the French "flanelle", where it was used as early as the late 17th century. Flannel is often associated with the working classes, but it is also commonly associated with winter pyjamas for both children and adults. Its warmth ensures that it is a perrenial favorite in cold climates.
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