Description : A fuzzy, soft fabric which drapes well, chenille has a piled nap on one side only. Chenille is usually made from cotton, but can also be made from acrylic, rayon or olefin fibres.
Fabrication : The chenille yarn is made by putting short lengths of fibre between two core yarns and twisting these together. The short lengths then stand at right angles fromthe core yarns, which is what gives this fabric its "piled" look.
Subtypes :
Dyes, color treatment and washing characteristics : Turn the fabric wrong-side out before washing. Either hand wash or machine wash in a gentle cycle with low heat. Dry flat.
Draping properties : Chenille should never be hung, as it will naturally stretch and lose its shape.
Cutting properties : Can be cut in double layers, but weights should be used to hold the fabric in place and prevent it from stretching. For marking, only tailor tacks tend to be visible.
Sewing challenges : Cut pieces should be serged to prevent the edges from unraveling. Push the fabric into the presser foot while se rather than letting the feed dogs pull the fabric forward to prevent it stretching while sewing. For interfacing, use a fusible tricot. A walking of teflon foot is best on the sewing machine. Sew seams with straight stitches and press seams open. It is usually advisable to cover the fabric with a press cloth while pressing, and press on the wrong side of the fabric, as pressing the right side will flatten the nap. The iron can be hot and with steam. Topstitching should be avoided. Hand hemming is the best choice, after serging the edges.
Example creations : bathrobe, patchwork bag,
Uses worldwide : Used for vests or jackets, shirts, loose tops, bags and bathrobes.
Origins and history : Chenille yarns have been made since the 18th century, but full commercial production didn't begin until the 1970s with standards introduced in the 1990s with the formation of the Chenille International Manufacturers Association.
Wikipedia reference

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