Ao dai

Two girls wearing Ao Dai in Ho Chi Minh CityDescription : A front opening, knee-length, coat-like garment with a stand collar and splits from hem to waist level at each side, worn by many Vietnamese women. The word "ao" is derived from the Chinese word for "padded coat" while "dai" means "long", hence the term meant originally a "long padded coat". The length of the ao dai varies, depending on fashion and occasion, from a few inches above the ankle (for evening wear) to just below the knees.The ao dai is always worn over quan, zip-fronted pants with two buttons at the waist. Quan may be black or white depending on the ao dai; women wear matching ao dai and quan if wealthy or for special occasions.
Parts : The collar may also be round necked or V-necked, depending on fashion. Sleeve lengths are long or three-quarter length.
Preferred fabrics : The ao dai is tailor-made from plain or printed lightweight cotton for summer use, or from silk for special events. These fabrics are often mixed with polyester to reduce creasing. The ao dai, worn in winter, is made from wool, or a wool/polyester mix. The ao dai may also be embroidered.
Construction : The tunic includes front and back waist darts, a mandarin-style or V-necked collar, tapered sleeves with elbow darts with a raglan-style attachment to the main body of the tunic and long, free-hanging front and back panels.
Woman wearing an ao daiSewing problem areas : none noted
Example creations : no examples found.
Example patterns : Vietnamese Ao Dai at Folkwear,
Uses worldwide : The Ao dai is worn in several other countries in south-east asia, including Thailand.
Origins and history : The ao dai is actually a 20th century creation, although it is derived from more traditional garments. The ao dai was developed from a combination of modern Parisian fashions of the 1930s and the traditional âo ngũ thân, a women's tunic-dress dating back to the 17th and 18th centuries. The garment was popularized by artists and promoted as a kind of national dress by government and other groups. In the 1950s, designers tightened the fit to create the version commonly seen today.
Alternate names :
Related or similar garments : Quan
Wikipedia reference
Additional references :
Vietnamese traditional clothes ;

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